ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 616-622

Pulmonary rehabilitation outcome in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with a different body composition


Department of Chest, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Laila A Alsharaway
MD in Chest Diseases, Elramed Street, Beni-Suef, 62521
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ejb.ejb_33_19

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Context Change in body composition is commonly present in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) on COPD patients who have a different body composition. Materials and methods In this study, we measure;Deg;BM;Deg;I and fat-free mass index (FFMI) using a single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis apparatus to classify patients into three categories: Group 1 nonmuscle depleted;Deg;BM;Deg;I greater than or equal to 21 kg/m2 and FFMI greater than or equal to 16. Group 2 muscle depleted;Deg;BM;Deg;I greater than or equal to 21 kg/m2 and FFMI less than 16 in men or FFMI less than 15 in women. Group 3 muscle depleted with cachexia;Deg;BM;Deg;I less than 21 kg/m2 and FFMI less than 16 in men or FFMI less than 15 in women. PRP outcomes were assessed by the improvement in pulmonary function severity, exercise capacity by 6-min walk test, dyspnea score by modified-British Medical Research Council, and health status by combined assessment test score and arterial blood gas improvements. Results Forty-four patients with FFMI were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The patients were mainly elderly men (N=35; 79%), who have a mean age of 65 years with different global initiative obstructive lung disease stage I–IV. In the nonmuscle depleted group, there were statistically significant improvements in the mean values of FFMI (kg/m2) while in the muscle depleted group there were improvements as regards the mean values of dyspnea score by modified-British Medical Research Council; in the cachectic group there were statistically significant improvements in the mean values of BMI (kg/m2), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), forced expiratory volume in first second divided by forced vital capacity ratio, combined assessment test score after PRP. Conclusions A comprehensive PRP outcome change in COPD patients with different body compositions.


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