Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 208-217

Validity of three scoring systems in assessing the severity and outcome in Al-Abbassia Chest Hospital Respiratory Intensive Care Unit patients

1 Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Al-Abbassia Chest Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Safaa A Mohamed
BSc of Medicine and General Surgery, 18 El-Haram Street, Giza, Cairo, 12574
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejb.ejb_81_17

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Background ICU scoring systems allowed an assessment of the severity of disease and death prediction. As ICU populations, investigations and management were changed, scoring systems should be updated. Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate three scoring systems in predicting outcome in Al-Abbassia Chest Hospital Respiratory ICU patients in 6 months. Patients and methods It was conducted on newly admitted cases in Al-Abbassia Respiratory ICU from July 2016 till January 2017. All patients were evaluated on admission and after 48 h by Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV (APACHE IV), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II). Results APACHE IV and SAPS II scores were significantly higher between dead than alive patients on admission and after 48 h, but were not able to predict death in ICU. SOFA score was insignificantly higher on admission and after 48 h between nonsurvivors. None of the three scores could predict the length of stay in ICU. Conclusion APACHE IV and SAPS II scores were better than SOFA score as they were significantly higher between nonsurvivors but not to the extent to predict mortality or length of stay.

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